Optimal energy use in a light weight hydraulic hybrid passenger vehicle

Timothy O. Deppen, Andrew G Alleyne, Kim A. Stelson, Jonathan J. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this study we present a procedure for the design and implementation of a control strategy to optimize energy use within a light weight hydraulic hybrid passenger vehicle. The hydraulic hybrid utilizes a high pressure accumulator for energy storage which has superior power density than conventional battery technology. This makes fluid power attractive for urban driving applications in which there are frequent starts and stops and large startup power demands. A dynamic model of a series hydraulic hybrid powertrain is presented along with the design of a model predictive control based energy management strategy. Model predictive control was chosen for this study because it uses no future information about the drive cycle in its design. This increases the flexibility of the controller allowing it to be directly applied to a variety of drive cycles. Using the model predictive framework, a holistic view of the powertrain was taken in the design of the control strategy, and the impact of each actuator's efficiency on overall efficiency was evaluated. A hardware-in-the-loop experiment using an electro-hydraulic powertrain testbed was then used to validate the dynamic model and control performance. Through a simulation study in which each actuator's efficiency was given varying levels of priority in the objective function, it was found that overall system efficiency could be improved by allowing for small sacrifices in individual component performance. In fact, the conventional wisdom of using the additional degrees of freedom within a hybrid powertrain to optimize engine efficiency was found to yield the lowest overall powertrain efficiency. In this work we present a rigorous framework for the design of an energy management strategy. The design method improves the powertrain's operational efficiency by finding the best balance between optimizing individual component efficiencies. Furthermore, since the design of the control strategy is built upon an analysis of individual components, it can be readily extended to other architectures employing different actuators.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number041009
JournalJournal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 9 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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