Optimal Detection Using Bilinear Time-Frequency and Time-Scale Representations

Akbar M. Sayeed, Douglas L. Jones

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Bilinear time-frequency representation (TFR’s) and time-scale representations (TSR’s) are potentially very useful for detecting a nonstationary signal in the presence of nonstationary noise or interference. As quadratic signal representations, they are promising for situations in which the optimal detector is a quadratic function of the observations. All existing time-frequency formulations of quadratic detection either implement classical optimal detectors equivalently in the time-frequency domain, without fully exploiting the structure of the TFR, or attempt to exploit the nonstationary structure of the signal in an ad hoc manner. We identify several important nonstationary composite hypothesis testing scenarios for which TFR/TSR-based detectors provide a “natural" framework; that is, in which TFR/TSR-based detectors are both optimal and exploit the many degrees of freedom available in the TFR/TSR. We also derive explicit expressions for the corresponding optimal TFR/TSR kernels. As practical examples, we show that the proposed TFR/TSR detectors are directly applicable to many important radar/sonar detection problems. Finally, we also derive optimal TFR/TSR-based detectors which exploit only partial information available about the nonstationary structure of the signal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2872-2883
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1995

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Optimal Detection Using Bilinear Time-Frequency and Time-Scale Representations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this