Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey

J. Ruel, G. Bazin, M. Bayliss, M. Brodwin, R. J. Foley, B. Stalder, K. A. Aird, R. Armstrong, M. L.N. Ashby, M. Bautz, B. A. Benson, L. E. Bleem, S. Bocquet, J. E. Carlstrom, C. L. Chang, S. C. Chapman, H. M. Cho, A. Clocchiatti, T. M. Crawford, A. T. CritesT. De Haan, S. Desai, M. A. Dobbs, J. P. Dudley, W. R. Forman, E. M. George, M. D. Gladders, A. H. Gonzalez, N. W. Halverson, N. L. Harrington, F. W. High, G. P. Holder, W. L. Holzapfel, J. D. Hrubes, C. Jones, M. Joy, R. Keisler, L. Knox, A. T. Lee, E. M. Leitch, J. Liu, M. Lueker, D. Luong-Van, A. Mantz, D. P. Marrone, M. McDonald, J. J. McMahon, J. Mehl, S. S. Meyer, L. Mocanu, J. J. Mohr, T. E. Montroy, S. S. Murray, T. Natoli, D. Nurgaliev, S. Padin, T. Plagge, C. Pryke, C. L. Reichardt, A. Rest, J. E. Ruhl, B. R. Saliwanchik, A. Saro, J. T. Sayre, K. K. Schaffer, L. Shaw, E. Shirokoff, J. Song, R. Šuhada, H. G. Spieler, S. A. Stanford, Z. Staniszewski, A. A. Starsk, K. Story, C. W. Stubbs, A. Van Engelen, K. Vanderlinde, J. D. Vieira, A. Vikhlinin, R. Williamson, O. Zahn, A. Zenteno

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

We present optical spectroscopy of galaxies in clusters detected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect with the South Pole Telescope (SPT). We report our own measurements of 61 spectroscopic cluster redshifts, and 48 velocity dispersions each calculated with more than 15 member galaxies. This catalog also includes 19 dispersions of SPT-observed clusters previously reported in the literature. The majority of the clusters in this paper are SPT-discovered; of these, most have been previously reported in other SPT cluster catalogs, and five are reported here as SPT discoveries for the first time. By performing a resampling analysis of galaxy velocities, we find that unbiased velocity dispersions can be obtained from a relatively small number of member galaxies (≲ 30), but with increased systematic scatter. We use this analysis to determine statistical confidence intervals that include the effect of membership selection. We fit scaling relations between the observed cluster velocity dispersions and mass estimates from SZ and X-ray observables. In both cases, the results are consistent with the scaling relation between velocity dispersion and mass expected from dark-matter simulations. We measure a 30% log-normal scatter in dispersion at fixed mass, and a 10% offset in the normalization of the dispersion-mass relation when compared to the expectation from simulations, which is within the expected level of systematic uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number45
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume792
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

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poles
spectroscopy
telescopes
galaxies
catalogs
scaling
confidence
dark matter
confidence interval
simulation
intervals
estimates
x rays
analysis
effect

Keywords

  • catalogs
  • galaxies: clusters: general

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

Ruel, J., Bazin, G., Bayliss, M., Brodwin, M., Foley, R. J., Stalder, B., ... Zenteno, A. (2014). Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey. Astrophysical Journal, 792(1), [45]. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45

Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey. / Ruel, J.; Bazin, G.; Bayliss, M.; Brodwin, M.; Foley, R. J.; Stalder, B.; Aird, K. A.; Armstrong, R.; Ashby, M. L.N.; Bautz, M.; Benson, B. A.; Bleem, L. E.; Bocquet, S.; Carlstrom, J. E.; Chang, C. L.; Chapman, S. C.; Cho, H. M.; Clocchiatti, A.; Crawford, T. M.; Crites, A. T.; De Haan, T.; Desai, S.; Dobbs, M. A.; Dudley, J. P.; Forman, W. R.; George, E. M.; Gladders, M. D.; Gonzalez, A. H.; Halverson, N. W.; Harrington, N. L.; High, F. W.; Holder, G. P.; Holzapfel, W. L.; Hrubes, J. D.; Jones, C.; Joy, M.; Keisler, R.; Knox, L.; Lee, A. T.; Leitch, E. M.; Liu, J.; Lueker, M.; Luong-Van, D.; Mantz, A.; Marrone, D. P.; McDonald, M.; McMahon, J. J.; Mehl, J.; Meyer, S. S.; Mocanu, L.; Mohr, J. J.; Montroy, T. E.; Murray, S. S.; Natoli, T.; Nurgaliev, D.; Padin, S.; Plagge, T.; Pryke, C.; Reichardt, C. L.; Rest, A.; Ruhl, J. E.; Saliwanchik, B. R.; Saro, A.; Sayre, J. T.; Schaffer, K. K.; Shaw, L.; Shirokoff, E.; Song, J.; Šuhada, R.; Spieler, H. G.; Stanford, S. A.; Staniszewski, Z.; Starsk, A. A.; Story, K.; Stubbs, C. W.; Van Engelen, A.; Vanderlinde, K.; Vieira, J. D.; Vikhlinin, A.; Williamson, R.; Zahn, O.; Zenteno, A.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 792, No. 1, 45, 01.09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Ruel, J, Bazin, G, Bayliss, M, Brodwin, M, Foley, RJ, Stalder, B, Aird, KA, Armstrong, R, Ashby, MLN, Bautz, M, Benson, BA, Bleem, LE, Bocquet, S, Carlstrom, JE, Chang, CL, Chapman, SC, Cho, HM, Clocchiatti, A, Crawford, TM, Crites, AT, De Haan, T, Desai, S, Dobbs, MA, Dudley, JP, Forman, WR, George, EM, Gladders, MD, Gonzalez, AH, Halverson, NW, Harrington, NL, High, FW, Holder, GP, Holzapfel, WL, Hrubes, JD, Jones, C, Joy, M, Keisler, R, Knox, L, Lee, AT, Leitch, EM, Liu, J, Lueker, M, Luong-Van, D, Mantz, A, Marrone, DP, McDonald, M, McMahon, JJ, Mehl, J, Meyer, SS, Mocanu, L, Mohr, JJ, Montroy, TE, Murray, SS, Natoli, T, Nurgaliev, D, Padin, S, Plagge, T, Pryke, C, Reichardt, CL, Rest, A, Ruhl, JE, Saliwanchik, BR, Saro, A, Sayre, JT, Schaffer, KK, Shaw, L, Shirokoff, E, Song, J, Šuhada, R, Spieler, HG, Stanford, SA, Staniszewski, Z, Starsk, AA, Story, K, Stubbs, CW, Van Engelen, A, Vanderlinde, K, Vieira, JD, Vikhlinin, A, Williamson, R, Zahn, O & Zenteno, A 2014, 'Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey', Astrophysical Journal, vol. 792, no. 1, 45. https://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45
Ruel, J. ; Bazin, G. ; Bayliss, M. ; Brodwin, M. ; Foley, R. J. ; Stalder, B. ; Aird, K. A. ; Armstrong, R. ; Ashby, M. L.N. ; Bautz, M. ; Benson, B. A. ; Bleem, L. E. ; Bocquet, S. ; Carlstrom, J. E. ; Chang, C. L. ; Chapman, S. C. ; Cho, H. M. ; Clocchiatti, A. ; Crawford, T. M. ; Crites, A. T. ; De Haan, T. ; Desai, S. ; Dobbs, M. A. ; Dudley, J. P. ; Forman, W. R. ; George, E. M. ; Gladders, M. D. ; Gonzalez, A. H. ; Halverson, N. W. ; Harrington, N. L. ; High, F. W. ; Holder, G. P. ; Holzapfel, W. L. ; Hrubes, J. D. ; Jones, C. ; Joy, M. ; Keisler, R. ; Knox, L. ; Lee, A. T. ; Leitch, E. M. ; Liu, J. ; Lueker, M. ; Luong-Van, D. ; Mantz, A. ; Marrone, D. P. ; McDonald, M. ; McMahon, J. J. ; Mehl, J. ; Meyer, S. S. ; Mocanu, L. ; Mohr, J. J. ; Montroy, T. E. ; Murray, S. S. ; Natoli, T. ; Nurgaliev, D. ; Padin, S. ; Plagge, T. ; Pryke, C. ; Reichardt, C. L. ; Rest, A. ; Ruhl, J. E. ; Saliwanchik, B. R. ; Saro, A. ; Sayre, J. T. ; Schaffer, K. K. ; Shaw, L. ; Shirokoff, E. ; Song, J. ; Šuhada, R. ; Spieler, H. G. ; Stanford, S. A. ; Staniszewski, Z. ; Starsk, A. A. ; Story, K. ; Stubbs, C. W. ; Van Engelen, A. ; Vanderlinde, K. ; Vieira, J. D. ; Vikhlinin, A. ; Williamson, R. ; Zahn, O. ; Zenteno, A. / Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey. In: Astrophysical Journal. 2014 ; Vol. 792, No. 1.
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title = "Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey",
abstract = "We present optical spectroscopy of galaxies in clusters detected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect with the South Pole Telescope (SPT). We report our own measurements of 61 spectroscopic cluster redshifts, and 48 velocity dispersions each calculated with more than 15 member galaxies. This catalog also includes 19 dispersions of SPT-observed clusters previously reported in the literature. The majority of the clusters in this paper are SPT-discovered; of these, most have been previously reported in other SPT cluster catalogs, and five are reported here as SPT discoveries for the first time. By performing a resampling analysis of galaxy velocities, we find that unbiased velocity dispersions can be obtained from a relatively small number of member galaxies (≲ 30), but with increased systematic scatter. We use this analysis to determine statistical confidence intervals that include the effect of membership selection. We fit scaling relations between the observed cluster velocity dispersions and mass estimates from SZ and X-ray observables. In both cases, the results are consistent with the scaling relation between velocity dispersion and mass expected from dark-matter simulations. We measure a 30{\%} log-normal scatter in dispersion at fixed mass, and a 10{\%} offset in the normalization of the dispersion-mass relation when compared to the expectation from simulations, which is within the expected level of systematic uncertainty.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Optical spectroscopy and velocity dispersions of galaxy clusters from the SPT-SZ survey

AU - Ruel, J.

AU - Bazin, G.

AU - Bayliss, M.

AU - Brodwin, M.

AU - Foley, R. J.

AU - Stalder, B.

AU - Aird, K. A.

AU - Armstrong, R.

AU - Ashby, M. L.N.

AU - Bautz, M.

AU - Benson, B. A.

AU - Bleem, L. E.

AU - Bocquet, S.

AU - Carlstrom, J. E.

AU - Chang, C. L.

AU - Chapman, S. C.

AU - Cho, H. M.

AU - Clocchiatti, A.

AU - Crawford, T. M.

AU - Crites, A. T.

AU - De Haan, T.

AU - Desai, S.

AU - Dobbs, M. A.

AU - Dudley, J. P.

AU - Forman, W. R.

AU - George, E. M.

AU - Gladders, M. D.

AU - Gonzalez, A. H.

AU - Halverson, N. W.

AU - Harrington, N. L.

AU - High, F. W.

AU - Holder, G. P.

AU - Holzapfel, W. L.

AU - Hrubes, J. D.

AU - Jones, C.

AU - Joy, M.

AU - Keisler, R.

AU - Knox, L.

AU - Lee, A. T.

AU - Leitch, E. M.

AU - Liu, J.

AU - Lueker, M.

AU - Luong-Van, D.

AU - Mantz, A.

AU - Marrone, D. P.

AU - McDonald, M.

AU - McMahon, J. J.

AU - Mehl, J.

AU - Meyer, S. S.

AU - Mocanu, L.

AU - Mohr, J. J.

AU - Montroy, T. E.

AU - Murray, S. S.

AU - Natoli, T.

AU - Nurgaliev, D.

AU - Padin, S.

AU - Plagge, T.

AU - Pryke, C.

AU - Reichardt, C. L.

AU - Rest, A.

AU - Ruhl, J. E.

AU - Saliwanchik, B. R.

AU - Saro, A.

AU - Sayre, J. T.

AU - Schaffer, K. K.

AU - Shaw, L.

AU - Shirokoff, E.

AU - Song, J.

AU - Šuhada, R.

AU - Spieler, H. G.

AU - Stanford, S. A.

AU - Staniszewski, Z.

AU - Starsk, A. A.

AU - Story, K.

AU - Stubbs, C. W.

AU - Van Engelen, A.

AU - Vanderlinde, K.

AU - Vieira, J. D.

AU - Vikhlinin, A.

AU - Williamson, R.

AU - Zahn, O.

AU - Zenteno, A.

PY - 2014/9/1

Y1 - 2014/9/1

N2 - We present optical spectroscopy of galaxies in clusters detected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect with the South Pole Telescope (SPT). We report our own measurements of 61 spectroscopic cluster redshifts, and 48 velocity dispersions each calculated with more than 15 member galaxies. This catalog also includes 19 dispersions of SPT-observed clusters previously reported in the literature. The majority of the clusters in this paper are SPT-discovered; of these, most have been previously reported in other SPT cluster catalogs, and five are reported here as SPT discoveries for the first time. By performing a resampling analysis of galaxy velocities, we find that unbiased velocity dispersions can be obtained from a relatively small number of member galaxies (≲ 30), but with increased systematic scatter. We use this analysis to determine statistical confidence intervals that include the effect of membership selection. We fit scaling relations between the observed cluster velocity dispersions and mass estimates from SZ and X-ray observables. In both cases, the results are consistent with the scaling relation between velocity dispersion and mass expected from dark-matter simulations. We measure a 30% log-normal scatter in dispersion at fixed mass, and a 10% offset in the normalization of the dispersion-mass relation when compared to the expectation from simulations, which is within the expected level of systematic uncertainty.

AB - We present optical spectroscopy of galaxies in clusters detected through the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect with the South Pole Telescope (SPT). We report our own measurements of 61 spectroscopic cluster redshifts, and 48 velocity dispersions each calculated with more than 15 member galaxies. This catalog also includes 19 dispersions of SPT-observed clusters previously reported in the literature. The majority of the clusters in this paper are SPT-discovered; of these, most have been previously reported in other SPT cluster catalogs, and five are reported here as SPT discoveries for the first time. By performing a resampling analysis of galaxy velocities, we find that unbiased velocity dispersions can be obtained from a relatively small number of member galaxies (≲ 30), but with increased systematic scatter. We use this analysis to determine statistical confidence intervals that include the effect of membership selection. We fit scaling relations between the observed cluster velocity dispersions and mass estimates from SZ and X-ray observables. In both cases, the results are consistent with the scaling relation between velocity dispersion and mass expected from dark-matter simulations. We measure a 30% log-normal scatter in dispersion at fixed mass, and a 10% offset in the normalization of the dispersion-mass relation when compared to the expectation from simulations, which is within the expected level of systematic uncertainty.

KW - catalogs

KW - galaxies: clusters: general

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U2 - 10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45

DO - 10.1088/0004-637X/792/1/45

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JO - Astrophysical Journal

JF - Astrophysical Journal

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