High-resolution imaging in turbid media has been limited by the intrinsic compromise between the gating efficiency (removal of multiplyscattered light background) and signal strength in the existing optical gating techniques. This leads to shallow depths due to the weak ballistic signal, and/or degraded resolution due to the strong multiply-scattering background - the well-known trade-off between resolution and imaging depth in scattering samples. In this work, we employ a nonlinear optics based optical parametric amplifier (OPA) to address this challenge. We demonstrate that both the imaging depth and the spatial resolution in turbid media can be enhanced simultaneously by the OPA, which provides a high level of signal gain as well as an inherent nonlinear optical gate. This technology shifts the nonlinear interaction to an optical crystal placed in the detection arm (image plane), rather than in the sample, which can be used to exploit the benefits given by the high-order parametric process and the use of an intense laser field. The coherent process makes the OPA potentially useful as a general-purpose optical amplifier applicable to a wide range of optical imaging techniques.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22547-22560
Number of pages14
JournalOptics Express
Issue number19
StatePublished - Sep 22 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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