Opinion dynamics in social networks: A local interaction game with stubborn agents

Javad Ghaderi, R. Srikant

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The process by which new ideas, innovations, and behaviors spread through a large social network can be thought of as a networked interaction game: Each agent obtains information from certain number of agents in his friendship neighborhood, and adapts his idea or behavior to increase his benefit. In this paper, we are interested in how opinions, about a certain topic, form in social networks. We model opinions as continuous scalars ranging from 0 to 1 with 1(0) representing extremely positive(negative) opinion. Each agent has an initial opinion and incurs some cost depending on the opinions of his neighbors, his initial opinion, and his stubbornness about his initial opinion. Agents iteratively update their opinions based on their own initial opinions and observing the opinions of their neighbors. The iterative update of an agent can be viewed as a myopic cost-minimization response (i.e., the so-called best response) to the others' actions. We study whether an equilibrium can emerge as a result of such local interactions and how such equilibrium possibly depends on the network structure, initial opinions of the agents, and the location of stubborn agents and the extent of their stubbornness. We also study the convergence speed to such equilibrium and characterize the convergence time as a function of aforementioned factors. We also discuss the implications of such results in a few well-known graphs including small-world graphs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2013 American Control Conference, ACC 2013
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1982-1987
Number of pages6
ISBN (Print)9781479901777
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Event2013 1st American Control Conference, ACC 2013 - Washington, DC, United States
Duration: Jun 17 2013Jun 19 2013

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619

Other

Other2013 1st American Control Conference, ACC 2013
CountryUnited States
CityWashington, DC
Period6/17/136/19/13

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Ghaderi, J., & Srikant, R. (2013). Opinion dynamics in social networks: A local interaction game with stubborn agents. In 2013 American Control Conference, ACC 2013 (pp. 1982-1987). [6580126] (Proceedings of the American Control Conference). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/acc.2013.6580126