OPICO: A study of emoji-first communication in a mobile social app

Sujay Khandekar, Chae Won Ryu, Joseph Higgs, Jerry O. Talton, Yuanzhe Bian, Ranjitha Kumar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

In the last two decades, Emoji have become a mainstay of digital communication, allowing ordinary people to convey ideas, concepts, and emotions with just a few Unicode characters. While emoji are most often used to supplement text in digital communication, they comprise a powerful and expressive vocabulary in their own right. In this paper, we study the affordances of �emoji-first� communication, in which sequences of emoji are used to describe concepts without textual accompaniment. To investigate the properties of emoji-first communication, we built and released Opico, a social media mobile app that allows users to create reactions - sequences of between one and five emoji - and share them with a network of friends. We then leveraged Opico to collect a repository of more than 3700 emoji reactions from more than 1000 registered users, each tied to one of 2441 physical places. We describe the design and architecture of the Opico app, present a qualitative and quantitative analysis of Opico's reaction dataset, and discuss the implications of Emoji-first communication for future social platforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Web Conference 2019 - Companion of the World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2019
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery, Inc
Pages450-458
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781450366755
DOIs
StatePublished - May 13 2019
Event2019 World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2019 - San Francisco, United States
Duration: May 13 2019May 17 2019

Publication series

NameThe Web Conference 2019 - Companion of the World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2019

Conference

Conference2019 World Wide Web Conference, WWW 2019
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period5/13/195/17/19

Keywords

  • Emoji
  • Mobile app
  • Social media

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Software

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