One Physical Educator’s Struggle to Implement Restorative Practices in an Urban Intensive Environment

Michael A. Hemphill, Risto Marttinen, K. Andrew R. Richards

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this cyclical action research study was to examine the perspectives of Clyde, a first-year physical education teacher working in an urban intensive environment, as he attempted to implement restorative practices. Methods: Data included semistructured interviews, weekly e-mail communication, text messages, photographs, field notes from observations, and artifacts. Data were analyzed using a combination of inductive and deductive analysis. Results: The results are presented in three themes: (a) searching for appropriate discipline procedures, (b) critical incidents inhibited the integration of restorative practices, and (c) lack of preparation to teach in an urban intensive environment. Conclusion: Clyde’s experience suggests that challenges for early career teachers may be further complicated by teaching in urban intensive environments. Teacher educators may consider the different contexts in which teachers work and the influence they can have on both teacher effectiveness and job satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)140-148
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Teaching in Physical Education
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2022


  • Middle school
  • Restorative justice
  • Social justice
  • Teacher education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Education

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