On the theoretical model for vertical ozone density distributions in the mesosphere and upper stratosphere

T. Shimazaki, D. J. Wuebbles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Diurnal variations in the vertical ozone density distribution have been calculated for the height range 40-150 km by extending our existing computer programs. The steady-state profiles were first calculated for fifteen constituents in the original program and three additional constituents (CH4, CO and CO2); the result was used as the initial condition for the time-dependent solution. The profile of the eddy diffusion coefficient used in this study was determined by comparing the model profile with the observations for CH4, whose density distribution is verysenstive to the eddy diffusion coefficient The effects of hydrogen and nitrogen compounds on the ozone density are discussed somewhat quantitatively; they reduce the ozone density mainly in the mesosphere and stratosphere, respectively. Special attention is given to the large depression of the ozone density at around 70-85 km, which has been obtained in many theoretical models but has neither been explained nor definitely confirmed by observations. Our time-dependent model indicates that the depression develops at night by the effect of hydrogen-oxygen and nitrogen-oxygen reactions and of eddy diffusion transports. The latter effect also produces an increase of the ozone density after midnight at some heights in the depression region.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1446-1463
Number of pages18
JournalPure and Applied Geophysics PAGEOPH
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1973
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology


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