On the relationship between substance use and personality traits: Abstainers are not maladjusted

Kate E. Walton, Brent W Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Two studies were conducted to test the relationship between substance use and personality. Participants in Study 1 (N=118) completed measures of the Big Five and additional personality inventories and were classified as alcohol and drug abstainers, moderate users, or heavy users based on self-reports of substance use. In Study 2, observer ratings of personality (N=172) were gathered in addition to self-reports (N=545). Across both studies and self and observer ratings, heavy users consistently scored lower than the other groups on measures of conscientiousness, impulse control, and agreeableness. Abstainers scored lower than moderate and heavy users on extraversion. Contrary to some previous research (e.g., Shedler & Block, 1990), moderate users were not more emotionally stable than abstainers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)515-535
Number of pages21
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Volume38
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Psychology(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'On the relationship between substance use and personality traits: Abstainers are not maladjusted'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this