On the one dimensional Dirac equation with potential

M. Burak Erdoğan, William R. Green

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigate L 1→L dispersive estimates for the one dimensional Dirac equation with a potential. In particular, we show that the Dirac evolution satisfies the natural t −[Formula presented] decay rate, which may be improved to t −[Formula presented] at the cost of spatial weights when the thresholds are regular. We classify the structure of threshold obstructions, showing that there is at most a one dimensional space at each threshold. We show that, in the presence of a threshold resonance, the Dirac evolution satisfies the natural decay rate, and satisfies the faster weighted bound except for a piece of rank at most two, one per threshold. Further, we prove high energy dispersive bounds that are near optimal with respect to the required smoothness of the initial data. To do so we use a variant of a high energy argument that was originally developed to study Kato smoothing estimates for magnetic Schrödinger operators. This method has never been used before to obtain L 1→L estimates. As a consequence of our analysis we prove a uniform limiting absorption principle, Strichartz estimates, and prove the existence of an eigenvalue free region for the one dimensional Dirac operator with a non-self-adjoint potential.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)132-170
Number of pages39
JournalJournal des Mathematiques Pures et Appliquees
StatePublished - Jul 2021


  • Dirac equation
  • Dispersive estimates
  • Limiting absorption principle
  • Resonance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)
  • Applied Mathematics


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