On the Localization of Plastic Strain in Microtextured Regions of Ti-6Al-4V

Jonathan Cappola, Jean Charles Stinville, Marie Agathe Charpagne, Patrick G. Callahan, McLean P. Echlin, Tresa M. Pollock, Adam Pilchak, Matthew Kasemer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The equiaxed microstructure of Ti-6Al-4V contains nominally 10µm to 15µm α-phase grains. Depending on processing, these fine grains may aggregate into large, millimeter-scale regions of similar crystallographic orientation. These so-called microtextured regions are detrimental to quasi-static and fatigue properties. Their presence may facilitate the formation of long-range strain localization—bands of plastic strain that traverse grain boundaries and terminate at the boundaries of the microtextured region which compromises strength and ductility—and can cause early fatigue crack nucleation. Furthermore, the low angle boundaries within microtextured regions offer little resistance to crack growth, and corresponding increases in crack growth rates have been observed in these regions. Despite significant research into the effects of microtextured regions on macroscopic properties, there is still a lack of rigorous definition of what constitutes a microtextured region. To this end, we present a computational study in which deformation simulations are performed to study the effect of the intensity and character of microtexture on the localization of plastic strain. Mean orientation and intensity of microtexture are parameterized in a suite of simulations. Simulations indicate that strain localization is facilitated both by the presence of some amount of orientation spread within a microtextured region, and further by the intensity of microtexture in neighboring regions. Simulations are further discussed with respect to high resolution experimental measurements of intragrain strain in a microtextured Ti-6Al-4V specimen, which exhibit similar mechanical trends.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number116492
JournalActa Materialia
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Crystal plasticity FEM
  • Microtextured regions
  • Strain localization
  • Ti-6Al-4V
  • Titanium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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