The ultimate goal of quantitative ultrasound (QUS) imaging methods based on backscatter coefficient (BSC) estimates is to obtain system-independent structural information about samples. In the current study, three BSC estimation methods were compared and evaluated using the same backscattered pressure datasets in order to assess their consistency. BSC estimates were obtained from two phantoms with embedded glass spheres and compared to theoretical BSCs calculated using size distributions estimated using optical microscopy. Effective scatterer diameter and concentration estimates of the glass spheres were also obtained from the estimated BSCs. One estimation method needed to be compensated by more than an order of magnitude in amplitude in order to produce BSCs comparable to the other two methods. All calibration methods introduced different frequency-dependent effects, which could have noticeable effects on the bias of QUS estimates derived from experimental BSCs. Although in most cases the experimental QUS estimates obtained with all three methods were observed to differ by less than 10, larger differences are expected depending on both the pressure focusing gain of the transducer (proportional to the ratio of the square of the aperture radius to the product of the wavelength and focal length) and ka range used in the estimation.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics