TY - JOUR

T1 - On the Continuum Limit for Discrete NLS with Long-Range Lattice Interactions

AU - Kirkpatrick, Kay

AU - Lenzmann, Enno

AU - Staffilani, Gigliola

N1 - Funding Information:
G.S. was partially supported by NSF grant DMS-1068815.
Funding Information:
E.L. acknowledges support by a Steno fellowship from the Danish Research Council.
Funding Information:
K.K. was partially supported by NSF grants DMS-0703618, DMS-1106770 and OISE-0730136.

PY - 2013/2

Y1 - 2013/2

N2 - We consider a general class of discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equations (DNLS) on the lattice Hℤ with mesh size h > 0. In the continuum limit when h → 0, we prove that the limiting dynamics are given by a nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) on ℝ with the fractional Laplacian (-Δ)α as dispersive symbol. In particular, we obtain that fractional powers 1/2 < α < 1 arise from long-range lattice interactions when passing to the continuum limit, whereas the NLS with the usual Laplacian -Δ describes the dispersion in the continuum limit for short-range or quick-decaying interactions (e. g., nearest-neighbor interactions). Our results rigorously justify certain NLS model equations with fractional Laplacians proposed in the physics literature. Moreover, the arguments given in our paper can be also applied to discuss the continuum limit for other lattice systems with long-range interactions.

AB - We consider a general class of discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equations (DNLS) on the lattice Hℤ with mesh size h > 0. In the continuum limit when h → 0, we prove that the limiting dynamics are given by a nonlinear Schrödinger equation (NLS) on ℝ with the fractional Laplacian (-Δ)α as dispersive symbol. In particular, we obtain that fractional powers 1/2 < α < 1 arise from long-range lattice interactions when passing to the continuum limit, whereas the NLS with the usual Laplacian -Δ describes the dispersion in the continuum limit for short-range or quick-decaying interactions (e. g., nearest-neighbor interactions). Our results rigorously justify certain NLS model equations with fractional Laplacians proposed in the physics literature. Moreover, the arguments given in our paper can be also applied to discuss the continuum limit for other lattice systems with long-range interactions.

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U2 - 10.1007/s00220-012-1621-x

DO - 10.1007/s00220-012-1621-x

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84872681857

SN - 0010-3616

VL - 317

SP - 563

EP - 591

JO - Communications in Mathematical Physics

JF - Communications in Mathematical Physics

IS - 3

ER -