On the burning velocity of stretched flames

J. H. Tien, M. Matalon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


The term "burning velocity" is commonly defined as the velocity of the gas ahead of and relative to the flame. This definition is appropriate for a one-dimensional flow because the mass flow rate across the flame is constant. In more general circumstances, however, this definition becomes ambiguous because the mass flow rate varies with distance through the flame. Thus, the reference position becomes important when measuring flame speed of stretched flames. As a consequence of the different definitions used by various investigators, there are conflicting results, with respect to the dependence of the flame speed on stretch, between experimental data and experimental and theoretical studies. In this article we provide an explanation for these differences. Expressions for the burning rate, valid for weak stretch, are given based on various definitions that are or could be used in experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)238-248
Number of pages11
JournalCombustion and Flame
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Apr 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'On the burning velocity of stretched flames'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this