On nanoparticle aggregation during vapor phase synthesis

A. Singhal, G. Skandan, A. Wang, N. Glumac, B. H. Kear, R. D. Hunt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A number of techniques have evolved over the past several years for the synthesis of ceramic nanopowders. At issue in each of these processes is the extent of agglomeration (particle adhesion) and aggregation (particle sintering), the latter referring to clusters of primary particles being cemented together by inter-particle necks. While it is virtually impossible to eliminate agglomeration of pristine nanopowders due to the strong van der Waals forces of attraction that keep the particles together, aggregation can be restricted by controlled powder synthesis. We have optimized a vapor phase synthesis method, called Combustion Flame-Chemical Vapor Condensation (CF-CVC), which involves pyrolysis of chemical precursors in a low pressure flat flame. By controlling the time-temperature history of the particles in the hot zone of the flame, we have produced nanopowders of oxides that have an average aggregate (secondary particle) size approximately 100 nm, and an average primary particle size less than 25 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-552
Number of pages8
JournalNanostructured Materials
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jun 1999
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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