## Abstract

We consider the problem of estimating an unknown n_{1} × n_{2} matrix θ^{∗} from noisy observations under the constraint that θ^{∗} is nondecreasing in both rows and columns. We consider the least squares estimator (LSE) in this setting and study its risk properties. We show that the worst case risk of the LSE is n^{-1/2}, up to multiplicative logarithmic factors, where n = n_{1}n_{2} and that the LSE is minimax rate optimal (up to logarithmic factors). We further prove that for some special θ^{∗}, the risk of the LSE could be much smaller than n-^{1/2}; in fact, it could even be parametric, that is, n^{-1} up to logarithmic factors. Such parametric rates occur when the number of "rectangular" blocks of θ^{∗} is bounded from above by a constant. We also derive an interesting adaptation property of the LSE which we term variable adaptation -the LSE adapts to the "intrinsic dimension" of the problem and performs as well as the oracle estimator when estimating a matrix that is constant along each row/column. Our proofs, which borrow ideas from empirical process theory, approximation theory and convex geometry, are of independent interest.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 1072-1100 |

Number of pages | 29 |

Journal | Bernoulli |

Volume | 24 |

Issue number | 2 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - May 2018 |

## Keywords

- Adaptation
- Bivariate isotonic regression
- Metric entropy bounds
- Minimax lower bound
- Oracle inequalities
- Tangent cone
- Variable adaptation

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Statistics and Probability