Second harmonic generation (SHG) is useful for studying the properties of interfaces, including the surfaces of nanoparticles and the interaction of nanoparticles with biologically relevant surfaces. Gold nanoparticles at the biological membrane represent a particularly interesting system to be probed by SHG spectroscopy given the rich electronic structure of gold nanoparticles and the charged nature of the nano-bio interface. Here we describe the interplay between the resonant and nonresonant components of the second harmonic response as 4 and 14 nm spherical gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) wrapped in the cationic polyelectrolyte poly(allylamine hydrochloride) (PAH) adsorb to negatively charged supported lipid bilayers. In contrast to the SHG response of 4 nm PAH-AuNPs, that we have shown previously to be dominated by resonance enhancement, the SHG response from the adsorption of the 14 nm PAH-AuNPs, with similar hydrodynamic diameters, to a 9:1 DOPC:DOTAP bilayer is dominated by the nonresonant, interfacial, potential-dependent component of the signal. We hypothesize that the difference in the SHG response is attributable to the differences in the number of PAH molecules associated with the particles and, therefore, differences in the number of positively charged ammonium groups associated with the 4 vs the 14 nm particles. For 14 nm PAH-AuNPs with larger hydrodynamic diameters, we determined two regimes in the adsorption behavior, one where the resonance enhancement from the gold core of the nanoparticle dominates the signal and a second where the nonresonant, interfacial, potential-dependent term dominates the signal. The results presented in this study provide insight into the interplay between resonant and nonresonant components of the second harmonic signal from the adsorption of charged AuNPs and are valuable for future studies with other functionalized particles and lipid systems by SHG.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films