On determining the geometric and kinematic characteristics of coherent flow structures over a gravel bed: A new approach using combined PLIF-PIV

R. J. Hardy, James Leonard Best, D. R. Parsons, G. M. Keevil

Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Abstract

In gravel-bed rivers, the microtopography of the bed is known to exert a significant influence on the generation of turbulent flow structures that owe their origin to fluid shear generated near the bed. Although field and laboratory measurements have indicated that flows over gravel beds contain a range of coherent flow structures, the kinematic and dynamic properties of these structures are still poorly understood. This paper describes a new experimental methodology to quantify simultaneously both the kinematic and dynamic characteristics of coherent flow structures based upon combined planar laser-induced fluorescence and particle imaging velocimetry (PLIF-PIV). The results confirm that the primary generative mechanism of coherent flow structures is at the bed, where merging hairpin vortices form around bed clasts and generate larger-scale fluid motions that advect downstream.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)279-284
Number of pages6
JournalEarth Surface Processes and Landforms
Volume36
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2011

Keywords

  • Coherent flow structures
  • Particle imaging velocimetry
  • Planar laser-induced fluorescence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences (miscellaneous)

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