Oman aster imbricatus (echinodermata, asteroidea), a new genus and species from the Sakmarian (lower permian) Saiwan formation of Oman, Arabian Peninsula

Daniel B. Blake, Lucia Angiolinp, Andrea Tintori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Omanaster imbricatus is a new genus and species of Sakmarian (Early Permian) asteroids collected from the basal Pachy- cyrtella Bed of the Saiwan Formation of Oman, Arabian Peninsula; the family Omanasteridae is recognized. Late Paleozoic and especially Permian asteroids are rare and O. imbricatus differs significantly from those previously described, thereby providing an important addition to known late Paleozoic diversity. Unfortunately the single available specimen is incomplete with remaining ossicles both leached and partially fused, and available data are limited. Adambulacral form and arrangement of O. imbricatus are both suggestive of corresponding expressions of certain earlier Paleozoic species and unlike those of the crown-group, suggesting an enduring Paleozoic lineage but one not phylogenetically a part of the Mcsozoic diversification. The Pachy- cyrtella Bed has been interpreted as recording a succession of pioneer palaeocommunities colonizing a turbulent, shallow-water setting affected by oscillatory flows. The apparently flattened appearancc of O. imbricatus is suggestive of appearances of certain Cretaceous and extant species recovered from similar environments thus suggesting both homoplasy and the versatility of asteroid evolution across extended spans of geologic time.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-269
Number of pages7
JournalRivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia
Volume120
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Astcroidea
  • Oman
  • Paleoccology
  • Permian
  • Phylogeny
  • Sakmarian

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Stratigraphy
  • Palaeontology

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