Oil effects on in-tube boiling of CO2

P. Hrnjak, S. Kim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Flow boiling heat transfer characteristics of CO2 with and without oil were investigated experimentally in horizontal smooth and enhanced tubes with an inner diameter of 11.2 mm. The visualization of flow pattern providesa detailed attributes of the nucleate and the convective boiling heat transfer. In order to investigate the effect of the miscible oil on the heat transfer of CO2, POE(polyolester) RENSIO C85E oil is added to give an oil circulation rate (OCR) between 0.5% and 2%. Results are compared with those of pure CO2. The experimental conditions include evaporation temperatures of-15 °C, mass fluxes from 40 to 200 kg/m2 s, heat fluxes from 0.5 to 10 kW/m2, and vapor qualities from 0.1 to 0.8. Oil generally deteriorates the heat transfer coefficient of pure CO2. The reduction in heat transfer coefficient is most apparent at low vapor qualities, 0.1 to 0.4, and at low mass fluxes, 100 and 200 kg/m2. It is caused by the suppression of nucleate boiling due to increased surface tension. At conditions where the convective boiling contribution is dominant, vapor qualities above 0.5, oil increases heat transfer coefficients. Through visualization, it is shown that the wetted area on the perimeter of inner tube is enhanced due to formation of foamingin the smooth tube. However, such enhancement of heat transfer due to forming is negligible in the enhanced tube, because the enhanced factor due to micro-finned structures is dominant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants
Subtitle of host publicationNatural Refrigerants and Environmental Protection, GL 2014
EditorsWangyang Hu, Guojun Zhao
PublisherInternational Institute of Refrigeration
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9782362150043
StatePublished - 2014
Event11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants, GL 2014 - Hangzhou, China
Duration: Aug 31 2014Sep 2 2014

Publication series

Name11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants: Natural Refrigerants and Environmental Protection, GL 2014


Other11th IIR Gustav Lorentzen Conference on Natural Refrigerants, GL 2014


  • Boiling
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Evaporation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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