Ohio USA stoneflies (Insecta, Plecoptera): Species richness estimation, distribution of functional niche traits, drainage affiliations, and relationships to other states

Ralph Edward Dewalt, Yong Cao, Tari Ann Tweddale, Scott A. Grubbs, Leon C Hinz, Massimo Pessino, Jason L. Robinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ohio is an eastern USA state that historically was >70% covered in upland and mixed coniferous forest; about 60% of it glaciated by the Wisconsinan glacial episode. Its stonefly fauna has been studied in piecemeal fashion until now. The assemblage of Ohio stoneflies was assessed from over 4,000 records accumulated from 18 institutions, new collections, and trusted literature sources. Species richness totaled 102 with estimators Chao2 and ICE Mean predicting 105.6 and 106.4, respectively. Singletons and doubletons totaled 18 species. All North American families were represented with Perlidae accounted for the highest number of species at 34. The family Peltoperlidae contributed a single species. Most species had univoltine-fast life cycles with the vast majority emerging in summer, although there was a significant component of winter stoneflies. Nine United States Geological Survey hierarchical drainage units level 6 (HUC6) were used to stratify specimen data. Species richness was significantly related to the number of unique HUC6 locations, but there was no relationship with HUC6 drainage area. A nonparametric multidimensional scaling analysis found that larger HUC6s in the western part of the state had similar assemblages with lower species richness that were found to align with more savanna and wetland habitat. Other drainages having richer assemblages were aligned with upland deciduous and mixed coniferous forests of the east and south where slopes were higher. The Ohio assemblage was most similar to the well-studied fauna of Indiana (88 spp.) and Kentucky (108 spp.), two neighboring states. Many rare species and several high quality stream reaches should be considered for greater protection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-26
Number of pages26
JournalZooKeys
Volume178
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 9 2012

Keywords

  • Biodiversity
  • Checklist
  • North America
  • Ohio
  • Plecoptera
  • Stonefly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Animal Science and Zoology

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