Odor and odorous chemical emissions from animal buildings: Part 5 -correlations between odor intensities and chemical concentrations (GC-MS/O)

S. Zhang, L. Cai, J. A. Koziel, S. J. Hoff, K. Heathcote, L. Jacobson, N. Akdeniz, B. Hetchler, D. B. Parker, E. Caraway, A. J. Heber, S. Bereznicki

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Simultaneous chemical and sensory analysis based on gas chromatography-mass spectrometry-olfactometry (GC-MS-O) of air samples from livestock operations is a very useful approach for quantification of target odorous gases and also for ranking of odorous compounds. This information can help link specific gases to odor, that can assist in solving farm odor problems and in evaluating of odor mitigation technologies. In this study, we applied the fundamental Weber-Fechner law to correlate the odor intensity and odorous chemical concentration for 15 individual target compounds (from GC-MS-O) for the gas samples collected from four livestock facilities (dairy barns in Wisconsin and Indiana and swine barns in Iowa and Indiana) over a one year period. The results showed that most of the correlations between odor intensities and chemical concentrations for the 15 odorous VOCs sampled fit well with the Weber-Fechner law and had correlation coefficient (R2) greater than 0.6.5, with R2S of 0.84, 0.83, and 0.82 for 4-methylphenol, 3-methylbutanoic acid, and 3-methylindole, respectively. The odorous compounds with higher mean odor activity value (OAV) values fit better with the Weber-Fechner law whereas the odorous compounds with lower mean OAV values resulted in relatively poor R2 values to the relatively large variations for odor intensities obtained from GC-MS/O for these compounds with low concentrations. The correlations for odorous compounds between odor intensities and chemical concentrations for swine sites were much better than that for dairy sites. R2S for eight out of fifteen compounds for the two swine sites were greater than 0.60 whereas only one R 2 (butyric acid) was greater than 0.60 for two dairy sites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
Pages279-285
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010
Externally publishedYes
EventInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010 - Dallas, TX, United States
Duration: Sep 13 2010Sep 16 2010

Publication series

NameASABE - International Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010

Other

OtherInternational Symposium on Air Quality and Waste Management for Agriculture 2010
CountryUnited States
CityDallas, TX
Period9/13/109/16/10

Keywords

  • Animal feeding operation
  • Chemical concentration
  • Correlation
  • GC-MS/O
  • Indolics
  • Odor
  • Odor intensity
  • Phenolics
  • Volatile fatty acids (VFAs)
  • Weber-Fechner law

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Pollution
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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