Ocular Surface Disease in Reptiles

Kathryn M. Smith Fleming

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In this article, ocular examination techniques are reviewed in the context of the reptilian patient. Subsequently, ocular surface anatomy and diseases are discussed. Sections for 4 of the 5 Reptilia orders are included: lizards, chelonians, crocodilians, and snakes. Literature pertaining to both wild and captive animals is included.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-121
Number of pages13
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Exotic Animal Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2019


  • Cornea
  • Ocular disease
  • Ocular surface
  • Reptile
  • Spectacle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals


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