Occurrence of Rhagoletis species in Newfoundland

Stewart H. Berlocher, Peggy L. Dixon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The presence of Rhagoletis fruit flies in Newfoundland, Canada, was investigated by rearing large numbers of the fruits of known and potential host plant species. Three Rhagoletis species, R. tabellaria (Fitch), R. basiola (Osten Sacken), and the cherry pest species R. fausta (Osten Sacken), were found to occur naturally in Newfoundland, representing a range extension of some 500 km for R. tabellaria and R. basiola. Rhagoletis fausta had previously been reported from sticky traps used to monitor R. mendax Curran, which is not known from the province. To investigate the route by which the two new species may have colonized Newfoundland, R. tabellaria adults were sequenced for a mitochondrial genome fragment (COI-tRNA-Leu-COII-tRNA-Lys). This sample was genetically identical or similar to samples from other widely distributed sites in North America, suggesting that the presence of R. tabellaria in Newfoundland is the result of postglacial dispersal rather than survival in a glacial refugium. The implications of these findings for Rhagoletis management in Canada are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)45-52
Number of pages8
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 2004


  • COII
  • Diptera
  • Dispersal
  • Geographic distribution
  • Glacial refugium
  • Host plant
  • Pest management
  • Tephritidae

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science


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