Observing abnormally large group velocityat the plasmonic band edge via a universal eigenvalue analysis

Wei E.I. Sha, Ling Ling Meng, Wallace C.H. Choy, Weng Cho Chew

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We developed a novel universal eigenvalue analysis for 2D arbitrary nanostructures comprising dispersive and lossy materials. The complex dispersion relation (or complex Bloch band structure) of a metallic grating is rigorously calculated by the proposed algorithm with the finite-difference implementation. The abnormally large group velocity is observed at a plasmonic band edge with a large attenuation constant. Interestingly, we found the abnormal group velocity is caused by the leaky (radiation) loss, not by metallic absorption (ohmic) loss. The periodically modulated surface of the grating significantly modifies the original dispersion relation of the semi-infinite dielectric- metal structure and induces the extraordinarily large group velocity, which is different from the near-zero group velocity at photonic band edge. The work is fundamentally important to the design of plasmonic nanostructures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)158-161
Number of pages4
JournalOptics Letters
Volume39
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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