Observer-invariant histopathology using genetics-based machine learning

Xavier Llorà, Anusha Priya, Rohit Bhargava

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Prostate cancer accounts for one-third of noncutaneous cancers diagnosed in US men and is a leading cause of cancer-related death. Advances in Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic imaging now provide very large data sets describing both the structural and local chemical properties of cells within prostate tissue. Uniting spectroscopic imaging data and computer-aided diagnoses (CADx), our long term goal is to provide a new approach to pathology by automating the recognition of cancer in complex tissue. The first step toward the creation of such CADx tools requires mechanisms for automatically learning to classify tissue types-a key step on the diagnosis process. Here we demonstrate that genetics-based machine learning (GBML) can be used to approach such a problem. However, to efficiently analyze this problem there is a need to develop efficient and scalable GBML implementations that are able to process very large data sets. In this paper, we propose and validate an efficient GBML technique-NAX-based on an incremental genetics-based rule learner. NAX exploits massive parallelisms via the message passing interface (MPI) and efficient rule-matching using hardware-implemented operations. Results demonstrate that NAX is capable of performing prostate tissue classification efficiently, making a compelling case for using GBML implementations as efficient and powerful tools for biomedical image processing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-120
Number of pages20
JournalNatural Computing
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Keywords

  • Genetics-based machine learning
  • Hardware acceleration
  • Learning Classifier Systems
  • Massive parallelism
  • MPI
  • Observer-invariant histopathology
  • SSE2
  • Vector instruction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications

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