Numerical simulation of effects of sediment supply on bedrock channel morphology

T. Inoue, T. Iwasaki, G. Parker, Y. Shimizu, N. Izumi, C. P. Stark, J. Funaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Natural bedrock rivers exhibit diverse erosional morphologies. Although the formation of alternate bars on bedrock has been noted in previous studies, the influence of these alternate bars on bedrock erosion has not been clarified. In this study, the authors propose a model for bedrock-alluvial channels that reproduces both bar formation and erosional morphology. In addition, the authors report on numerical simulations to evaluate the influence of sediment supply on the state of the bed at and over the bedrock surface. The numerical results illustrate the formation of different morphologies for different supply rates. When the sediment supply rate is close to transport capacity, mixed alluvial-bedrock alternate bars form. These bars are analogous to purely alluvial alternate bars. A meandering thread of alluvial material migrates downstream over a uniformly eroding bedrock surface. When the sediment supply rate is well below capacity, however, multiple incisional troughs (grooves) form on the bedrock surface, and alluvial cover tends to concentrate in the troughs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number04016014
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume142
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

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channel morphology
bedrock
Sediments
Computer simulation
sediment
simulation
trough
effect
Erosion
Rivers
erosion
river

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Numerical simulation of effects of sediment supply on bedrock channel morphology. / Inoue, T.; Iwasaki, T.; Parker, G.; Shimizu, Y.; Izumi, N.; Stark, C. P.; Funaki, J.

In: Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 142, No. 7, 04016014, 01.07.2016.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Inoue, T. ; Iwasaki, T. ; Parker, G. ; Shimizu, Y. ; Izumi, N. ; Stark, C. P. ; Funaki, J. / Numerical simulation of effects of sediment supply on bedrock channel morphology. In: Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2016 ; Vol. 142, No. 7.
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