Numerical relativity is an essential tool for solving Einstein's equations of general relativity for dynamical systems characterized by high velocities and strong gravitational fields. The implementation of new algorithms that can solve these nonlinear equations in 3 + 1 dimensions has enabled us to tackle many long-standing problems of astrophysical interest, leading to an explosion of important new results. Numerical relativity has been used to simulate the evolution of a diverse array of physical systems, including coalescing black hole and neutron star binaries, rotating and collapsing compact objects (stars, collisionless clusters, and scalar fields), and magnetic and viscous stars, to name a few. Numerical relativity has been exploited to address fundamental points of principle, including critical phenomena and cosmic censorship. It holds great promise as a guide for interpreting observations of gravitational waves and gamma-ray bursts and identifying the sources of such radiation. Highlights of a few recent developments in numerical relativity are sketched in this brief overview.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)