Numerical experiments on subaqueous cyclic steps due to turbidity currents

S. Kostic, G. Parker

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

A Froude-supercritical flow over an erodible bed may be subject to an instability which gives rise to the formation of cyclic steps, i.e. coherent, quasi-permanent trains of upstream-migrating steps bounded by internal hydraulic jumps in the flow above them. Cyclic steps have been observed and explained in bedrock streams and alluvium, but the possibility of cyclic steps due to turbidity currents in the subaqueous setting has not been explored. Yet turbidity currents are intrinsically more biased toward supercritical flows than rivers, suggesting that cyclic steps are at least as likely to be found in the subaqueous setting as in steep bedrock channels and alluvium. Here a numerical model is employed to explore these rhythmic bedforms generated by 20, 45 and 110-micron turbidity currents in an experimental setting. The results of numerical simulations offer an insight into what can be expected from laboratory experiments on cyclic steps.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRiver, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics
Subtitle of host publicationRCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics
Pages535-541
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006
Event4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2005 - Urbana, IL, United States
Duration: Oct 4 2005Oct 7 2005

Publication series

NameRiver, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics
Volume1

Other

Other4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2005
CountryUnited States
CityUrbana, IL
Period10/4/0510/7/05

Fingerprint

turbidity current
Turbidity
supercritical flow
alluvial deposit
bedrock
Hydraulic jump
experiment
Experiments
bedform
train
Numerical models
Rivers
hydraulics
Computer simulation
river
simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecological Modeling
  • Environmental Chemistry

Cite this

Kostic, S., & Parker, G. (2006). Numerical experiments on subaqueous cyclic steps due to turbidity currents. In River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics (pp. 535-541). (River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics; Vol. 1).

Numerical experiments on subaqueous cyclic steps due to turbidity currents. / Kostic, S.; Parker, G.

River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics. 2006. p. 535-541 (River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics; Vol. 1).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Kostic, S & Parker, G 2006, Numerical experiments on subaqueous cyclic steps due to turbidity currents. in River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics. River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, vol. 1, pp. 535-541, 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics, RCEM 2005, Urbana, IL, United States, 10/4/05.
Kostic S, Parker G. Numerical experiments on subaqueous cyclic steps due to turbidity currents. In River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics. 2006. p. 535-541. (River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics).
Kostic, S. ; Parker, G. / Numerical experiments on subaqueous cyclic steps due to turbidity currents. River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics. 2006. pp. 535-541 (River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics: RCEM 2005 - Proceedings of the 4th IAHR Symposium on River, Coastal and Estuarine Morphodynamics).
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