We perform an exact-diagonalization study of the spin-12 XXZ Heisenberg antiferromagnet on the kagome lattice at finite magnetization m=23 with an emphasis on the XY point (Jz=0) and in the presence of a small chiral term. Recent analytic work by Kumar et al. [K. Kumar, K. Sun, and E. Fradkin, Phys. Rev. B 90, 174409 (2014)PRBMDO1098-012110.1103/PhysRevB.90.174409] on the same model, using a newly developed flux attachment transformation, predicts a plateau at this value of the magnetization described by a chiral spin liquid (CSL) with a spin Hall conductance of σxy=12. Such a state is topological in nature, has a ground-state degeneracy, and exhibits fractional excitations. We analyze the degeneracy structure in the low-energy manifold, identify the candidate topological states, and use them to compute the modular matrices and Chern numbers, all of which strongly agree with expected theoretical behavior for the σxy=12 CSL. In the limit of zero chirality, we find on most (not all) clusters that the topological invariants are still those of a CSL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics