A simple formulation of membrane finite elements with drilling degrees of freedom is presented. Elements based on this theory have been proved to converge and this is confirmed by numerical calculations. The incompatible modes approach is incorporated in the formulation to develop extremely accurate four-node elements with drilling degrees of freedom.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Modeling and Simulation
- General Materials Science
- Mechanical Engineering
- Computer Science Applications