Nucleic acid scanning by hybridization (NASBH) is a non-electrophoretic typing strategy that uses gridded oligonucleotides to reproducibly characterize arbitrarily amplified nucleic acid sequences. Membrane-bound arrays of terminally-degenerate oligonucleotides were hybridized to DNA amplification fingerprinting (DAF) products from enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates. Numerical and cluster analysis of 64 isolates, selected by DAF to represent a single dominant amplification type identified 14 hybridization types. Results show that NASBH is a powerful alternative for the identification of closely related bacteria, can be used successfully in epidemiological studies, and holds potential in general nucleic acid diagnostics.
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