Nucleation and growth of alumina inclusions during steel deoxidation

Lifeng Zhang, Wolfgang Pluschkell, Brian Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


A computational model based on classic homogeneous nucleation theory, thermodynamic analysis and numerical simulation was developed to study steel deoxidation by aluminum in a low carbon aluminum-killed steel ladle. Using the model, the nucleation and time evolution of the alumina inclusion size distribution due to Ostwald ripening, Brownian collision and turbulent collision were calculated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)463-476
Number of pages14
JournalSteelmaking Conference Proceedings
StatePublished - 2002
Event85th Steelmaking Conference proceedings - Nashville, TN, United States
Duration: Mar 10 2002Mar 13 2002


  • Alumina
  • Brownian collision
  • Growth
  • Inclusion
  • Nucleation
  • Ostwald-ripening
  • Size distribution
  • Turbulent collision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Metals and Alloys


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