Nuclear DNA content in F1 hybrids of maize

A. Lane Rayburn, D. P. Biradar, Donald Bullock, L. M. McMurphy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The nuclear DNA content was determined in two separate experiments for 19 maize inbred lines and 26 maize F1 hybrids. Ten inbred lines were initially screened in the first experiment. An 11 per cent difference in nuclear DNA amount was observed between the two lines with the lowest amounts of DNA and two lines with the largest genome sizes. All possible hybrid combinations were made among these four lines. In all cases, the genome sizes of the F1 hybrids were not significantly different from their expected parental means. In several cases, however, F1 plants of specific crosses were not uniform in genome size. In these crosses, genome sizes observed ranged from the genome size of the low parental genome to the largest parental genome. These results indicate an instability in F, genome sizes in certain maize crosses. In order to corroborate this hypothesis, a second experiment was performed. To remove any biases with respect to genome size, 14 F1 maize hybrids were selected solely on the basis of their heterotic response with no regard for their genome sizes or the genome sizes of their parental inbred lines. The nuclear DNA content of the nine parental lines and 14 hybrids was determined. In most of the crosses, the nuclear DNA content of the F1 hybrids was not significantly different from their respective parental means. However, in five parental combinations, the mean nuclear DNA content of the F1 hybrids was significantly higher than their respective parental means. The combined results of this study support the hypothesis of instability in nuclear DNA content in F1 hybrids of maize. This instability appears not to be universal in all maize hybrids but is restricted to specific parental combinations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)294-300
Number of pages7
JournalHeredity
Volume70
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1993

Keywords

  • Flow cytometry
  • Genome size
  • Inheritance
  • Zea mays

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Nuclear DNA content in F<sub>1</sub> hybrids of maize'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Rayburn, A. L., Biradar, D. P., Bullock, D., & McMurphy, L. M. (1993). Nuclear DNA content in F1 hybrids of maize. Heredity, 70(3), 294-300. https://doi.org/10.1038/hdy.1993.42