Novel phenomenology of parton distributions from the Drell-Yan process

Jen Chieh Peng, Jian Wei Qiu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


The Drell-Yan massive lepton-pair production in hadronic collisions provides a unique tool complementary to the Deep-Inelastic Scattering for probing the partonic substructures in hadrons. We review key concepts, approximations, and progress for QCD factorization of the Drell-Yan process in terms of collinear or transverse momentum dependent (TMD) parton distribution functions. We present experimental results from recent fixed-target Drell-Yan as well as W and Z boson production at colliders, focusing on the topics of flavor structure of the nucleon sea as well as the extraction of novel Sivers and Boer-Mulders functions via single transverse spin asymmetries and azimuthal lepton angular distribution of the Drell-Yan process. Prospects for future Drell-Yan experiments are also presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-75
Number of pages33
JournalProgress in Particle and Nuclear Physics
StatePublished - May 2014


  • Drell-Yan process
  • Nucleon flavor structure
  • Parton distributions
  • QCD factorization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics


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