Mycoviruses can be beneficial to plants in that they can debilitate pathogenic fungi thereby reducing the severity of associated plant diseases. Studies to date have focused primarily on culturable fungi that represent a fraction of natural fungal populations. The nonculturable fungi, however, can harbor diverse populations of mycoviruses that reduce plant disease or enhance resistance to abiotic stress. Metatranscriptome analysis of field-grown plant samples using high-throughput sequencing offers the possibility of unbiased detection and quantification of mycoviruses regardless of the culturability of their fungal hosts together with the complete associated microbial consortia. In this study, we describe the fungal viromes of the phyllosphere of production soybean fields in Illinois, USA by analyzing the metatranscriptomes of thousands of soybean leaf samples collected during the 2008 and 2009 growing seasons. The analyses identified 25 partial genome sequences that represented at least 22 mycovirus genomes, only one of which had been described previously. The novel mycovirus genomes showed similarity to 10 distinct lineages including the genera Alphapartitivirus, Botybirnavirus, Endornavirus, Mitovirus, Mycoflexivirus, Ourmiavirus, Totivirus, Victorivirus, family Tombusviridae, order Mononegavirales, and the recently proposed genus Gemycircularvirus. The present study adds to the wealth of mycoviruses associated with plant phytobiomes and establishes groundwork needed for further characterization of the viruses.
- High-throughput sequencing metatranscriptome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research
- Infectious Diseases