Novel fabrication method for surface micromachined thin single-crystal silicon cantilever beams

Amit Gupta, John P. Denton, Helen McNally, Rashid Bashir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper describes a novel technique for the fabrication of surface micromachined thin silicon cantilever beams using merged epitaxial lateral overgrowth (MELO) of silicon and chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP). The objective is to demonstrate the feasibility of using this novel technique for the fabrication of arrays of ultrathin, low-stress, single-crystal silicon cantilever beams for use in ultrahigh sensitivity surface-stress or resonant-frequency-based chemical or biological detection schemes. The process flow used in this work will be described in detail and the issues that were faced during the fabrication will be discussed. Cantilever beams with thickness of 0.3-0.5 μm that were 10-25-μm wide and 75-130-μm long were fabricated. Mechanical characterization of the cantilever beams were performed by measuring their spring constant using the "added mass" method, which also demonstrated the use of these initial structures to detect masses as low as 10-100 pg. Further work is underway to scale the thickness of these beams down to the sub-100-nm regime.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)185-192
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Microelectromechanical Systems
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Cantilever beam
  • Chemical-mechanical polishing (CMP)
  • Merged epitaxial lateral overgrowth
  • Silicon-on-insulator (SOI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering


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