The process of phosphate desorption from soils is difficult to measure using stirred batch techniques because of the accumulation of desorbed ions in a bathing solution. To accurately measure the apparent rate coefficient of phosphate desorption from soils, it is necessary to remove the desorbed ions. In this study, a novel hybrid (i.e., iron oxide coated) anion exchange resin was used as a sink to study long-term (seven days) P desorption kinetics in intensively managed agricultural soils in the Midwestern U.S. (total phosphorus (TP): 196–419 mg/kg). The phosphate desorption kinetics in the hybrid anion exchange resin method were compared with those in the other conventional batch desorption method with pure anion exchange resins or without any sink. The extent of P desorption in the hybrid resin methods was >50% of total desorbed phosphate in the other methods. The initial kinetic rate estimated in the pseudo-second-order kinetic model was also highest (3.03–31.35 mg/(g·hr)) in the hybrid resin method when the same soil system was compared. This is because adsorbed P in the hybrid resins was nearly irreversible. The hybrid anion exchange resin might be a new and ideal sink in measuring the P desorption process in soils and sediments.
- hybrid resin