Note: A modular and robust continuous supersonic expansion discharge source

Kyle N. Crabtree, Carrie A. Kauffman, Benjamin J. McCall

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


A direct current discharge has been coupled with a continuous supersonic expansion to provide a source of rotationally cold molecular ions for gas phase spectroscopy. Constructed primarily of machinable ceramic and stainless steel, this source design is modular, customizable, and robust. Its performance has been assessed by recording transitions within the ν2 fundamental band of H3+ using cavity ringdown spectroscopy to determine the rotational temperature of ions produced in the free-jet expansion. Temperature and column density were recorded as a function of discharge current as the source was operated over a period of 200 h. Observed temperatures ranged between 50-110 K, and the ion column densities between 8× 1010 and 2× 1012 cm-2.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number086103
JournalReview of Scientific Instruments
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation


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