A microsporidiumNosema portugaln. sp. was isolated from gypsy moths,Lymantria disparL, collected near Lisbon, Portugal, in 1985. The life cycle includes two sequential developmental cycles, a primary and a secondary cycle. The primary cycle occurs in midgut epithelial cells, where primary spores are produced within 48 h. The primary spores immediately extrude their polar filaments, presumably to infect other cells. In the target tissues (salivary glands and fat body) the secondary development cycle is followed by the formation of environmental spores. Primary spores were also sometimes present in target tissues. Fresh unfixed and unstained primary spores have a large posterior vacuole and measured 4.8 × 2.7 μm. Ultrastructurally, they have 5-8 polar filament coils, a large posterior vacuole, abundant endoplasmic reticulum, and were binucleate. Mature unfixed and unstained environmental spores were highly refractive and the posterior vacuole and nuclei could not be seen through the spore coat. Fresh environmental spores measured 4.5 × 1.9 μm. Ultrastructurally, environmental spores were binucleate, with a typical polaroplast, 10-11 isofilar polar filament coils, and a series of 4-6 thin polar filament-like tubules situated at the posterior end of the row of typical polar filament coils. The ssu rRNA sequences strongly suggest that this species is more closely related to theVairimorphasubgroup within theNosema/Vairimorphaclade than to theNosemasubgroup.
- Biological control
- Life cycle
- Ribosomal RNA sequence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics