Nonlinear pulse equipartition in weakly coupled ordered granular chains with no precompression

Yuli Starosvetsky, M. Arif Hasan, Alexander F. Vakakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We report on the strongly nonlinear dynamics of an array of weakly coupled, noncompressed, parallel granular chains subject to a local initial impulse. The motion of the granules in each chain is constrained to be in one direction that coincides with the orientation of the chain. We show that in spite of the fact that the applied impulse is applied to one of the granular chains, the resulting pulse that initially propagates only in the excited chain gets gradually equipartitioned between its neighboring chains and eventually in all chains of the array. In particular, the initially strongly localized state of energy distribution evolves towards a final stationary state of formation of identical solitary waves that propagate in each one of the chains. These solitary waves are synchronized and have identical speeds. We show that the phenomenon of primary pulse equipartition between the weakly coupled granular chains can be fully reproduced in coupled binary models that constitute a significantly simpler model that captures the main qualitative features of the dynamics of the granular array. The results reported herein are of major practical significance since it indicates that the weakly coupled array of granular chains is a medium in which an initially localized excitation gets gradually defocused, resulting in drastic reduction of propagating pulses as they are equipartitioned among all chains.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034504
JournalJournal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 28 2013

Keywords

  • Binary models
  • Granular chains
  • Localization
  • Solitary waves
  • Wave equipartition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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