Nonlinear interactions between black holes and Proca fields

Miguel Zilhão, Helvi Witek, Vitor Cardoso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Physics beyond the standard model is an important candidate for dark matter, and an interesting testing ground for strong-field gravity: the equivalence principle 'forces' all forms of matter to fall in the same way, and it is therefore natural to look for imprints of these fields in regions with strong gravitational fields, such as compact stars or black holes (BHs). Here we study general relativity minimally coupled to a massive vector field, and how BHs in this theory lose 'hair'. Our results indicate that BHs can sustain Proca field condensates for extremely long time-scales.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number234003
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number23
StatePublished - Nov 9 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • (nonlinear) stability
  • black holes
  • numerical relativity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)


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