Nonlinear hardening and softening resonances in micromechanical cantilever-nanotube systems originated from nanoscale geometric nonlinearities

Hanna Cho, Bongwon Jeong, Min Feng Yu, Alexander F. Vakakis, D. Michael McFarland, Lawrence A. Bergman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Micro/nanomechanical resonators often exhibit nonlinear behaviors due to their small size and their ease to realize relatively large amplitude oscillation. In this work, we design a nonlinear micromechanical cantilever system with intentionally integrated geometric nonlinearity realized through a nanotube coupling. Multiple scales analysis was applied to study the nonlinear dynamics which was compared favorably with experimental results. The geometrically positioned nanotube introduced nonlinearity efficiently into the otherwise linear micromechanical cantilever oscillator, evident from the acquired responses showing the representative hysteresis loop of a nonlinear dynamic system. It was further shown that a small change in the geometry parameters of the system produced a complete transition of the nonlinear behavior from hardening to softening resonance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2059-2065
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Issue number15-16
StatePublished - Aug 1 2012



  • Geometric nonlinearity
  • Hardening
  • Micromechanical cantilever oscillation
  • Multiple scales analysis
  • Nanotube
  • Softening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics

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