Nonlinear earthquake analysis of concrete building structures

Daniel Paul Abrams

Research output: Book/Report/Conference proceedingOther report


Proportioning of strength in an earthquake resistant structure is usually based on a linear elastic analysis and a set of equivalent static lateral forces. This design procedure has proven to be reliable on the basis of observed building damage caused by past earthquakes and has been adopted by present building codes. Presently, inelastic design of concrete structures subjected to load reversals is an art much like design of continuous structures subjected to gravity loadings was in the earlier part of the century. Inelastic stiffness characteristics of concrete components have been shown through experiments to be influenced by parameters not previously considered for analysis of structures subjected to montonically increasing forces. Hysteretic behavior of members and connections have been shown to be dependent on opening and closure of flexural and shear cracks, bond-slip mechanisms, softening of reinforcement, and inelasticity of concrete in compression. Because of the complexity of inelastic behavior and the uncertain sequence of ground excitations, several analyses need to be done so that an engineer may develop the judgement needed to implement a particular design. A simple tool needs to be developed for these analyses. The purpose of study described in this report is to develop an analytical technique that considers explicitly both the history of the ground motion, and the nonlinear hysteretic behavior of the structure. The technique is developed using nonlinear resistance characteristics of reinforced concrete structures, however, the basis of the method is applicable to any type of building structure.
Original languageEnglish (US)
Place of PublicationPort Hueneme, CA
PublisherNaval Civil Engineering Laboratory
Number of pages77
StatePublished - Sep 1985


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