Nonlinear curvature effects in gravitational waves from inspiralling black hole binaries

Banafsheh Shiralilou, Tanja Hinderer, Samaya M. Nissanke, Néstor Ortiz, Helvi Witek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gravitational waves (GWs) from merging black holes allow for unprecedented probes of strong-field gravity. Testing gravity in this regime requires accurate predictions of gravitational waveform templates in viable extensions of general relativity. We concentrate on scalar Gauss-Bonnet gravity, one of the most compelling classes of theories appearing as the low-energy limit of quantum gravity paradigms, which introduces quadratic curvature corrections to gravity coupled to a scalar field and allows for black hole solutions with scalar charge. Focusing on inspiraling black hole binaries, we compute the leading-order corrections due to curvature nonlinearities in the GW and scalar waveforms, showing that the new contributions, beyond merely the effect of scalar field, appear at first post-Newtonian order in GWs. We provide ready-to-implement GW polarizations and phasing. Computing the GW phasing in the Fourier domain, we perform a parameter-space study to quantify the detectability of deviations from general relativity. Our results lay important foundations for future precision tests of gravity with both parametrized and theory-specific searches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL121503
JournalPhysical Review D
Volume103
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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