Nondestructive evaluation of crack depth in concrete using PCA-compressed wave transmission function and neural networks

S. W. Shin, C. B. Yun, H. Futura, John S Popovics

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Cracks in concrete are common defects that may enable rapid deterioration and failure of structures. Determination of a crack's depth using surface wave transmission measurement and the cut-off frequency in the transmission function (TRF) is difficult, in part due to variability of the measurement data. In this study, use of complete TRF data as features for crack depth assessment is proposed. A principal component analysis (PCA) is employed to generate a basis for the measured TRFs for various simulated crack (notch) cases in concrete. The measured TRFs are represented by their projections onto the most significant PCs. Then neural networks (NN), using the PCA-compressed TRFs, are applied to estimate the crack depth. An experimental study is carried out for five different artificial crack (notch) cases to investigate the effectiveness of the proposed method. Results reveal that the proposed method can effectively estimate the artificial crack depth in concrete structures, even with incomplete NN training.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.
Pages225-231
Number of pages7
StatePublished - Dec 1 2008

Publication series

NameProceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.
Volume65

Keywords

  • Crack depth
  • Neural networks
  • Nondestructive evaluation of concrete
  • Principal component analysis
  • Self-calibrating technique
  • Surface wave transmission measurements

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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  • Cite this

    Shin, S. W., Yun, C. B., Futura, H., & Popovics, J. S. (2008). Nondestructive evaluation of crack depth in concrete using PCA-compressed wave transmission function and neural networks. In Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc. (pp. 225-231). (Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics, Inc.; Vol. 65).