A new method of noncontact temperature measurement in microliter-sized volumes is demonstrated, based on the temperature sensitivity of the fluorescence lifetime of rhodamine-G when it is attached to a DNA oligomer. As temperature changes, the spacing between the fluorescent dye and a designed sequence of DNA bases is modulated by conformation changes of the DNA chain, and as a result the ability of dye molecules to fluoresce is also modulated according to differential quenching by bases on the DNA. In the system that we studied, the temperature sensitivity of the fluorescence lifetime was 36-42 ps/°C depending on specific solution conditions. Although this strategy of temperature measurement is demonstrated using a specific sequence of DNA, it can also be generalized to a dye attached to any other intrinsic quencher of fluorescence whose conformation changes with temperature.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry