Nonclassical crystallization observed by liquid-phase transmission electron microscopy

Chang Liu, Zihao Ou, Shan Zhou, Qian Chen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this chapter, we will report on the use of the liquid-phase transmission electron microscopy technique to resolve a series of nonclassical crystallization pathways in real time and real space, where the existence of intermediates lowers the kinetic barrier for nucleation and determines the shape, size, and symmetry of the final crystals. The systems concern biomineralization, atomic crystallization into nanocrystals, and nanoparticle superlattice formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationACS Symposium Series
EditorsXin Zhang
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Number of pages32
StatePublished - 2020

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
ISSN (Print)0097-6156
ISSN (Electronic)1947-5918

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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