Nonadditive gaussian watermarking and its application to wavelet-based image watermarking

Pierre Moulin, Aleksandar Ivanović

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review


This paper extends our recent game-theoretic approach [1] to design and embed watermarks in Gaussian signals in the presence of an adversary. The detector solves a binary hypothesis testing problem. The system is designed to minimize probability of error under the worst-case attack in a prescribed class of attacks. In this paper, the embedder is allowed to filter the host signal and add a watermark, thereby making the scheme nonadditive. The theory is applied to wavelet-based image watermarking. We find that, in this framework, additive watermarks are clearly suboptimal.

Original languageEnglish (US)
StatePublished - 2002
EventInternational Conference on Image Processing (ICIP'02) - Rochester, NY, United States
Duration: Sep 22 2002Sep 25 2002


OtherInternational Conference on Image Processing (ICIP'02)
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityRochester, NY

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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