Non-linear normal modes (NNMs) and their applications in vibration theory: An overview

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The concept of 'non-linear normal mode' (NNM) is discussed. After providing some introductory definitions, the applications of NNMs to vibration theory are considered. In particular, it is shown how this concept can be used to study forced resonances of non-linear systems and non-linear localisation of vibrational energy in symmetric systems. NNMs can provide a valuable tool for understanding certain essentially non-linear dynamic phenomena that have no counterparts in linear theory and that cannot be analysed by conventional linearised methods. Additional applications of NNMs to modal analysis, model reduction, vibration and shock isolation designs, and the theory of non-linear oscillators are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-22
Number of pages20
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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